In the case of toothache.
Although there are good at-home first aid techniques, you should still contact your dentist as soon as possible.
Anti-inflammatory painkillers are available over the counter: ibuprofen and paracetamol. It is important that before taking each medicine, the accompanying leaflet is read and used according to the instructions. Prescription medicine is issued on the basis of a prescription written by a doctor.
You should definitely not put a warm compress on the tooth, which can lead to the rapid spread of inflammation in the jaw and promote the formation of pus.
To relieve the pain, you can also place a clove used as a spice in the tooth cavity, keep it for up to a few hours and consult a dentist. The tooth should be left alone and not poked or irritated.
Swelling of the face or gums.
If swelling occurs, a bag filled with cold water or gel can be placed on the affected area for 20 minutes, frostbite must be avoided when using an ice cube. The cold should numb the pain well. In case of a toothache, it is better to be upright (the pain intensifies when lying down). If the pain still worsens, you should consult a dentist or maxillofacial surgeon as soon as possible.
Toothache at night.
The tooth often starts to hurt at night when lying down. This is due to increased blood volume and the resulting pressure on the head area. When sleeping, it is recommended to keep the head in a higher position than usual, using, for example, two pillows.
The tooth must be left in peace. You can take a pain reliever.
The previous recommendations reduce the pain, but do not eliminate its cause. In the morning, you should immediately contact your dentist.
If a tooth comes out of the mouth with its root due to trauma.
In certain traumas, a permanent tooth can come out of the jaw. In this case, the root of the tooth must be cleaned by rinsing it lightly (the tooth must not be scratched or damaged in any other way), placed in a neutral wet environment (water, milk) and consulted with a dentist IMMEDIATELY. The best option would be to immediately put the tooth back in place. In some cases, this also succeeds, and prosthetics can be abandoned this time. For best results, see your dentist within 30 minutes. If 2 hours or more have passed since the accident, the hopes of getting the tooth back are very slim.
Do not place the tooth in alcohol, salt water, or mouthwash.
For a primary tooth, place a sterile bandage on the wound and keep it until the bleeding stops (about 5-15 minutes). A primarytooth is not implanted back, as this can harm the development of the permanent tooth.
Bleeding in the mouth area.
Place a sterile dressing on the wound. Apply pressure to the wound. Change the dressing if it is very bloody. See an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or dentist immediately.
The orthodontic appliance or prosthesis pokes.
Sometimes an orthodontic appliance or metal prosthesis can rub in the mouth. Place soft wax (candle) on the sharp metal edge and contact the dentist. Do not allow a deep ulcer to develop.